Symposium 8

Promotion of Health and Wellbeing through Sports and Physical Activities for Individuals with and without Disabilities 

This symposium, entitled Interdisciplinary Approaches in Promotion of Health and Well-being, focuses on various approaches in promoting people’s health and well-being. Five international presenters from USA, China, Saudi Arabia  and Philippines  will present topics in the areas of: 1) Physical Activities and Videogames on Improving Social and Communication Skills of Children with Autism. The presenter will use two studies to introduce the effectiveness of physical and videogame activities on improving Autistic children’s social and communication skills;  2) Using Systematic Sports Courses to Promote Children’s Physical Fitness; The presenter will introduce various types of physical fitness training equipment used in competitive, medical and military situations. The logical analysis and summary of classification of children’s physical training equipment are also highlighted; 3) This presentation will describe their research findings on Health, Physical Activity, and Well Being among University Students in Saudi Arabia.  Their study concluded that students should take proper balanced diet, exercises according to the recommendations by ACSM & NSCA, and maintains smart lifestyle to maintain good health. 4) Current State of Philippine Paralympic Movement and Motivation for Sport Participation of Abled Elite Filipino Male Swimmers. This qualitative study aims to examine the motivation of elite Filipino para-athletes for engaging in sport, and the facilitators and barriers to their sports participation. Their study concluded that the Paralympic movement in the Philippines have made tremendous effort to strengthen their institution through an integrated initiative to involve private companies to su

Chairperson and Presenter

Prof. Dr. Shihui CHEN 
Vice President, ACESS
Former President, Asian Society of Adapted Physical Education and Exercises
Head, Department of Kinesiology
Texas A& M University-Texarkana
Hong Kong-China

Prof. Dr. Shihui Chen earned his first MS in Pedagogy of Physical Education from Beijing Sports University, China, second M.S. Degree in Adapted Physical Education from the University of Wisconsin, La Crosse, and the PhD Degree in Adapted Physical Education from the University of New Mexico, USA. Dr. Chen was a tenure associate professor and a graduate faculty member at the University of Texas Pan American before he came to Hong Kong Institute Education in 2002. He is currently an invited doctoral student thesis advisor at the Education University of Hong Kong, and a professor/head of department of Kinesiology at TAMUT. He is the former president of Asian Society of Adapted Physical Education (ASAPE), and the former Secretary General of Asian Council of Exercise and Sports Science (ACESS). Dr. Chen was the Research Fellow of the Research Consortium under the AAHPERD, and is a Certified Adapted Physical Educator (CAPE). Dr. Chen’s research interests are in adapted physical education, health-related physical fitness assessment and evaluation, and exercise therapy for middle age and elderly people, information technology in education, biomechanics of Paralympics sports. Dr. Chen has successful received more than 20 research and Knowledge transfer grants, and has published more than 70 research articles in referred journals since year of 2000.

Effects of a Therapeutic Horseback Riding Program on Social Interaction and Communication in Children with Autism

Various therapeutic interventions have been studied and found to be effective in re-ducing the stereotypical behaviors of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). There has been increasing interest in using animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) as an alternative approach to therapeutic rehabilitation for children with ASD, and many studies have reported that AAI has significant benefits for the cognitive, psychological, and social behavior of children with ASD. The present study was designed to examine the effects of a 16 weeks therapeutic horseback riding program on social interaction and communication skills in children with autism. Eighty-four children diagnosed with ASD, aged between 6 and 12 years old, were recruited for this study. All selected participants met the DSM-V criteria, and a total of sixty-one participants (N = 61) completed the study. A quasi-experimental design with an experimental group and control group was implemented for this study, taking measurements at pre-test, interim-test, and post-test to monitor the behavior changes in social and communication throughout the 16-week intervention. Repeated measures ANOVA and the independent sample t-test were used for data analysis, to assess the difference between the experimental group and control group. The results indicated that the THR program had positive influences on overall social skills and communica-tion, based on the SSIS and the ABLLS-R scores, compared to the control group (p < 0.05). A nota-ble improvement in the overall social interaction score was observed from the interim-testing point to post-test. In addition, participants in the therapeutic horseback riding (THR) group achieved significant improvements on six out of seven items in their communication evaluations. In conclusion, after 16 weeks of intervention, the THR program significantly enhanced the subdomains of social and communication skills in the areas of social interaction, communication, responsibility, and self-control, compared to the control group.

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Xiao Dong LI
Director, Zhengzhou BeiTi Culture Communication Ltd.

Xiao Dong Li received his MSc. from Beijing Sport University, China in 2009. He is an expert in children physical fitness and has served as a consultant at Nanjing University Mobile Business Research Center. In May 2014, Mr. Li returned to his ancestral home in Henan Province. With respect and love for his alma mater, Beijing Sport University, he named the registered company – BeiTi, and used the same motto of Beijing Sport University – ‘Striving for Excellence’. By naming Zhuoyue children as the brand name, Mr. Li built his first children’s physical fitness gymnasium – Zhuoyue (卓跃) Children’s Sports Gymnasium in Zhengzhou, the capital of the province. This was his first step in promoting and marketing physical fitness and sports for children aged between 2-12 years. Currently, his company has established more than 100 centers in 10 provinces and 20 cities in China.

Establishing Community Children’s Sports Center in China: Focus on Physical Training for Children (2-12 years) Through Scientific and Systematic Sports Courses

Early childhood is an important stage in the holistic development of wellbeing.  Part of this wellbeing involves the learning of basic motor skills which are important determinants affecting young children’s mastery of special skills, the improvement of physical exercise ability and their physical fitness. Physical fitness training equipment plays an important role in the physical training of young children. This presentation explains the various types of physical fitness training equipment used in competitive, medical and military situations. By drawing on logical analysis and summarizing definitions the concept and classification of children’s physical training equipment is highlighted. In using the context of early childhood, important considerations for learning movement skills are summarized. These are: 1) Early childhood physical fitness has the characteristics of uneven growth and segmentation; 2) The use of physical fitness training equipment for young children is based on the sensitive period of development of children’s physical capability and basic motor skill ability. This will enable flexible selection, processing, transformation and reorganization in adapting to the laws and characteristics of children’s physical and mental development; 3) The characteristics of children’s physical training equipment; 4) Developing and innovating the use of physical fitness training equipment by using corner activities and gross movement development; 5) Drawing on and implementing recent Zone of Proximal Development theory. This presentation concludes by arguing that by giving consideration to these five important points there will be a positive training influence for young people.

Assist. Prof. Dr. Kaukab AZEEM
President, International Fed of Fitness, Health, Physical Education & Iron Games
Vice President, World Strength lifting Federation
Faculty, Physical Education Department
King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals
Saudi Arabia

Assist. Prof. Dr. Kaukab Azeem is from Hyderabad, India and received his Ph.D. from Osmania University, India in the year 2006. He is currently working as Assistant Professor (v) in Physical Education Department at the King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Saudi Arabia. His expertise is in fitness/ health education, nutrition, sport activities, weight and training. Dr. Kaukab had produced outstanding bodybuilders of National & International reputation and trained many top sportsmen as a fitness coach. Dr. Kaukab possesses strong background in fitness & bodybuilding as a former bodybuilder and an International fitness & bodybuilding (AFBF) Coach/Judge & University chief coach. He had won gold medal in the International Strength Lifting Championship at Kingdom of Bahrain, 2015. Dr. Kaukab received the Best Teacher Award 2015 at King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals and had recently awarded by the Directors of Board of International Science Culture and Sport Association, Turkey in 2017; highest International award from IFPEFSSA Award in 2019 at World Congress on Sports Science & Sports Medicine, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain. He had published more than 80 research papers in the various International Journal’s and International conference proceedings and published one book and is a member of the editorial board of 17 international journals. He is currently the Vice President of the World Strength Lifting Federation; President of Asian Strength Lifting Federation; and President of the International Federation for Fitness, Health, Physical Education & Iron Games.

Health, Physical Activity, and Well Being among University Students in Saudi Arabia

University Students has lot of academic pressure, students neglect health and which leads to increase in bodyweight and changes in body composition. Moreover, those students staying at University hostels they are taking fast and junk foods, this is also a major drawback apart from inactivity, which leads to overweight and obesity. Among Saudi citizens cardio-vascular disease (CVD) threat factors is highly widespread. In 2019 The International Diabetes Federation estimated that 18.3% of the Saudi population has type 2 diabetes mellitus. The (IDF, 2019) estimates diabetes around the globe approximately 463 million adults (20-79 years) were living with diabetes; by 2045 this will rise to 700 million. Young women’s from Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia have high risk for cardio-vascular diseases. Moreover, risk factors increases substantially between the ages of 20 to 35, there is a need to control the cardio-vascular diseases risk through diet and exercise regime. In earlier study of (N=200) participants KFUPM, Saudi Arabia, students health status reveals; body mass index (25.08), waist-hip ratio (0.844) excellent range, and other selected fitness variables such as, bench press test 1RM (40.68 Kgs) range of (34-41, good range) and sit-ups test (23.30 reps) range of (20-25, average range). Sit & reach test (21.56 cms) range of (< 24, needs improvement) and 12 minutes run and walk test (1391.92.Meters) performance was in poor range and needs seriousness and needs aerobic training to enhance cardio-vascular fitness level.  In conclusion, students should take proper balanced diet, exercise according to the recommendations by ACSM & NSCA, and maintains smart lifestyle to maintain good health.

Assist Prof. Francis DIAZ
Executive Board Member, Asian Council for Exercise and Sports Science (ACESS)
Deputy Secretary General, Philippine Paralympic Committee (PPC)
Board of Managing Director, University Athletic Association of the Philippines (UAAP)
Board of Director, Quezon City Athletic Association of the Philippines (QCAA)
Dean, College of Human Kinetics
University of the Philippines-Diliman

Assist. Prof. Francis Diaz is full time faculty member of the University of the Philippines-College of Human Kinetics for the last 28 years. He has served the college in different administrative roles such as the Varsity Sports Office Director and Program Chair of the Physical Education Department. Most recently, he was appointed by the UP Board of Regents as its new Dean last February 5, 2019. Prof. Diaz served as the head coach of the UP Varsity Women’s Softball Team for 23 years officially resigning from that assignment last 2016 to become part of the coaching staff of the National Women’s Softball Team from 2016-2019.. His endeavours as tactical coach of RP Team proved instrumental in the team’s international campaigns throughout those 3 years as they vastly improved their performances in the Asian Women’s Softball Championships in Taichung, TAIWAN, Asian Games in Indonesia and the 2018 Women’s World Softball Championships held in Narita, Japan. Currently, he is the deputy secretary general & concurrent board of director of the Philippine Paralympic Committee (PPC). Here, he served as the Chef De Mission (CDM) of Philippine Para Athletes in the 2017 ASIAN Youth Para Games in Dubai, 2018 ASIAN Para Games in Jakarta, Indonesia and will spearhead the Philippine Paralympic team in the coming Philippine hosting of the ASEAN Para Games in January 2020 and the Tokyo 2020 PARALYMPIC Games (now rescheduled to August of 2021 due to coronavirus pandemic). Presently, he serves as a member of the board of trustees of the Quezon City Athletic Association (QCAA) in charge of sports & coaching development programs and sits as board of managing directors of the University Athletic Association of the Philippines (UAAP). Most recently, Prof Diaz’s was elevated to become part of the Asian Council for Exercise and Sports Science (ACESS).

Current State of Philippine Paralympic Movement and Motivation for Sport Participation of Differently Abled Elite Filipino Male Swimmers

Differently-abled individuals have been negatively perceived by the society at large as being inferior or to some extent, being treated as second class citizens. However, there is an increasing interest over differently abled athletes who have discovered sports as their platform of integration into society. This qualitative study aims to examine the motivation of elite Filipino para-athletes for engaging in sport, and the facilitators and barriers to their sports participation. A focus group discussion (FGD) was conducted among Four (4) Filipino elite para-athletes in swimming, all were recruited through convenience and snow-ball sampling. All the participants of the study competed at either the ASEAN Para Games, ASIAN para Games and Paralympics.  Thematic analysis was used to generate themes grounded in self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000). Interpreted data form the FGD revealed Five (5) overarching themes that explained the motivation, facilitators and barriers experienced by the para-athletes: (1) athlete’s physical and mental motivations, (2) crucial role of social network, (3) opportunities leading to sports involvement, (4) change in outlook of life, and (5) negotiating barriers. These themes indicated that, although the para-athletes were motivated by both internal and external factors, they gave greater emphasis to their intrinsic motivation to engage in sports. Results also revealed that that internal satisfaction, empowerment, external rewards, social support, recruitment and being with fellow para-athletes facilitated their continued sport participation reinforcing Carin-Ley and Jones (2006) findings. The identified barriers for their participation are due mainly to experienced discrimination, poor time management, lack of financial support and limited accessible training facility. Taken as whole, the Paralympic movement in the Philippines have made tremendous effort to strengthen their institution through an integrated initiative to involve private companies to support their programs.