Dr. Mariana TUDOR
Senior Future Leader/Volunteer (FLV) and Team Leader
of Global Community Health (GCH)
Department of Medical Assistance and Physical Therapy
University of Pitesti

Dr. Mariana Tudor is Physiotherapist and Lecturer at Department of Medical Assistance and Physical Therapy, University of Pitesti, Romania. Her major research interest is on health, therapeutic or health education, rehabilitation, active lifestyle promotion, both at individual and community’s level. She has been involved in several projects and many scientific conferences with themes related with rehabilitation in different settings and age groups, adapted physical activities, injury prevention and social inclusion for people with disabilities. As member of the FLV Program since 2013, she attended several international conferences and served as Team Leader in 2013, 2016 and 2019.

Physical Fitness and School Participation of Primary School Children with Disabilities

Mariana Tudor, Luminita Georgescu, University of Pitesti

Education is one of the central themes of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and SDG 4 refers to inclusive and equitable quality education and promotion of lifelong learning opportunities for all children, regardless of their health or socio-economic status (UN, 2018). Different challenges for the children, the teachers, the parents and the educational system itself interfere with this process. Children with disabilities have lower physical fitness and restricted school participation than their peers. The purpose of our study is to identify the fitness profile of children with disabilities and to explore how it is associated with school participation. Anthropometric data (body weight and height; body mass index; chest and abdominal perimeters) and physical fitness components (upper and lower body flexibility; functional strength; static and dynamic balance and aerobic condition) were collected from children at ages 6 to 9, in two schools from urban area. We then used them to study what factors, as group and gender-related, are statistically associated with higher academic performance and participation in both the academic and social aspects of the school program (as measured by the School Function Assessment (SFA) (Davies et al., 2004)). To facilitate access to quality and inclusive education, it is important to collect detailed information about children’s functioning and support needs and then to guide service decisions and resource planning to meet those needs.

Dr. Zornitza MLADENOVA
Senior Future Leader/Volunteer (FLV) of Global Community Health (GCH)
President, Association of Touristic Animators

Dr. Zornitza Mladenova received her Bachelor, Master, and PhD degrees in Sport Sciences, Physical Education, Sports Science and Sports Animation from National Sports Academy “Vassil Levski”. She complete her postgraduate education in Economy and Management of Tourism at the University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria. As a member of the Olympic Club of National Sports Academy “Vassil Levski”, Bulgaria she was a part of the OC of the National Olympic Academy. Member of the Academic Council and Vice President of the Student Council of National Sports Academy “Vasil Levski”, Bulgaria. As a President of the Commission for the development of student sport in the Republic of Bulgaria she was Chairman of the Organizing Committee and Founding member of the First National Student Sumer and Winter Games. In 2014 she was a part of the OC of 9th FIEP European Congress and 7th International Scientific Congress “Sport, Stress, Adaptation”, Sofia, Bulgaria. From the beginning of 2015 Dr. Mladenova is working on implementation of HOPSports Brain Breaks® in Bulgarian schools and communities. After her collaboration with National Sports Academy and Ministry of Youth and Sport, the system of HOPSports Brain Breaks® Physical Activity Solutions was implemented in the schools in the municipalities of Sofia, Vratza, Mezdra, Kavarna and Shumen. In 2018 she sighned the Memorandum for strengthening the partnership relations and developing mutual cooperation for presenting and implementing the Global School Educational Program based on the UN Sustainable Development Goals between The Foundation for Global Community Health and Sofia Metropolitan Municipality – Vazrazhdane District. She is working as a member of the “Future Leader Program” in ICPESS 2015 – Indonesia, ACPESS 2015 – India, GoFPEP 2016 – Turkey, ICSPHW 2016 – Philippines, BRICSCESS 2017, Brazil, ICPESS 2018 – Turkie and SEAGSC 2019 & ACPESS 2019 – South Africa.

Brain Break as a Solution to Overcome the Consequences of Social Isolation During the Coronavirus Pandemic Among Bulgarian Children and Adolescents

Distance learning became a big issue and challenge for the educational systems around the world during the coronavirus pandemic. For a while now, educators around the world have been talking about the need to rethink how we educate future generations and question what we need to teach and what we are preparing our students for. The aim of our study is how the digital platform of HOPSports Brain Breaks® Physical Activity Solutions is implemented in the distance learning in terms of social isolation. In April 2015 starts the implementation of the system of HOPSports Brain Breaks® Physical Activity Solutions in Bulgarian schools and communities. After the collaboration with National Sports Academy and Ministry of Youth and Sport and the Municipalities the system is implemented in the schools in the municipalities of Sofia, Vratza, Mezdra, Shumen, Silistra and Kavarna. Before the crisis the system was in use mainly in the schools but in shape of the distance learning we are conducting the experiment in the framework of Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child Model (WSCC) delivering the BB videos in the families with the purpose to practice the different kind of PA at home and to support the proses of education. According the Ministry of Education in Bulgaria the teachers have not only to prеsent the educational content to their pupils but also to provide psychological support thru holistic approach in the area of arts, technologies and sport. After a two months of collaboration with the teachers, social workers, psychologists and parents we can summarized that the digital program is more relevant now than ever, particularly with providing different PA applicable at home, practicing healthy habits and connecting children around the world thru sport, culture and arts. As a conclusion we have to point that the digital platform of HOPSports Brain Breaks® Physical Activity Solutions improves the physical as well the mental health of the children and adolescents.

Dr. Susannah STEVENS (Susie)
President Board Chair | Physical Education New Zealand
Strategic Lead | Canterbury Knowledge Commons
Lecturer | College of Education, Health and Human Development
University of Canterbury
New Zealand

Dr Susannah Stevens (Susie) is the elected President for Physical Education New Zealand, and lectures in physical education at the University of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand. Her areas of specialty are child well-being, holistic development, movement pleasure, pedagogy, and physical education. Susie leads the educational stream for a National Centre for Research Excellence in heart health (Healthy Hearts CoRE), and is the co-director of the New Zealand Centre for Olympic Studies. She is currently the strategic lead for the University of Canterbury Knowledge Commons, an audacious city-wide research initiative that is tasked with sharing knowledge, expertise and research excellence for well-being and the betterment of the city.

The Pertinent and Powerful Role that Physical Education Plays in Achieving the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals; An Aotearoa/New Zealand Perspective

The current well-being climate that is dominating global health and education discussion and policy is refreshing, innovative and timely. However, we know it will not be successful, nor sustainable, without local implementation, and changes to daily practice. Physical Education has the powerful potential to instigate and accelerate inter-generational, systemic change to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. This presentation will highlight how Physical Education can optimize this; when the curriculum and discourse is connected to well-being, not performativity or physicality. As a sector, we know that both ‘physical education’ and ‘well-being’ are two very contextual terms, interpreted and practiced in vastly different traditions. Despite this, some commonalties can be drawn from the literature, and this presentation will use multiple knowledge’s, including indigenous knowledge’s to explore this. Moreover, it will explain why physical education, from a well-being lens, can support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Assist. Prof. Dr. Mona Liza Adviento MAGHANOY
Future Leader/Volunteer (FLV) of Global Community Health (GCH)
Department of Sports Science
College of Human Kinetics
University of the Philippines-Diliman

Mona Maghanoy is currently a faculty member under the Department of Sports Science in he College of Human Kinetics, University of the Philippines, Diliman. She handles different sports science classes for undergraduate students. She also facilitates psychological skills training for student-athletes. She has been a member of the FLV program since 2013 has participated in various conferences. Her interests and specialization are in the field of Sport Psychology and she is part of the pioneering group of professionals promoting this in the Philippines.

A Mixed Methods Approach on the Prevalence of Mental Health Problems in Collegiate Student-Athletes

The student-athletes’ dual roles and the stress they encounter in handling dual responsibilities appear to make them susceptible to mental health problems. This study aims to find empirical evidence as to the prevalence of mental health challenges among this subgroup. This study uses a Mixed Methods Approach. The Beck’s Depression Inventory( BDI) is administered to 500 student. One-on-one semi-structured interviews with those identified to be at high-risk for depression using the BDI to explore their perception on their signs and symptoms and their awareness of mental-health problems is also conducted. Results from the semi-structured interview are analyzed through a thematic analysis of qualitative data. Differences among groups such as year level, gender and type of sport are seen based on the Inventory. Results from Interviews showed correspondence with the Beck Depression Inventory results. There is a prevalence of student-athletes that perceive they are experiencing signs and symptoms of mental health problems. However, participants are not aware that their perceived signs and symptoms suggest Depression. Such result merits further investigation and can be a basis for programs that addresses the increased risk of student-athletes to developing mental health problems due to multiple sources of stress.

Assist. Prof. Dr. Bijen FILIZ
Department of Coaching Education
Afyon Kocatepe University

Assist. Prof. Dr. Bijen Filiz is currently working at the Faculty of Sport Sciences, Afyon Kocatepe University. Her major research interest is on physical education and teacher education, instructional, curriculum and hidden programs on physical education, measurement and evaluation in physical education, and sports sociology. She has applied the Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility model with middle and high school students in Turkey. She has academic studies on this model. She is a member of the Young People’s Leisure Network and join various camp and World Leisure Congress in project scope. She is a new member of the FLV program. She attended the Ist World Conference of Future Leader/Volunteer-2019 in South Africa for the first time as an FLV member.

Academic Achievements and Attitudes towards Physical Activity of 4th Grade Students: Example of Brain Breaks® Videos in Turkey

Bijen Filiz1, Gıyasettin Demirhan2, Ming-kai Chin3
1 Faculty of Sports Sciences, Afyon Kocatepe University, Turkey
2 Faculty of Sports Sciences, Hacettepe University, Turkey
3 The Foundation of Global Community Health (GCH), USA

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of implementing Brain Breaks® videos on student attitudes toward physical activity (PA) and grade point average (GPA) scores. In the research, HopSports Brain Breaks® videos containing physical activity movements were used. 52 students studying in the 4th grade of a public school in Afyon participated in this research. In this study, a pattern with the experimental pre-test post-test control group was used. Students were randomly assigned to either experimental (n = 26) or control groups (n = 26). The experimental group received Brain Breaks® videos during classroom sessions throughout the spring semester of intervention. Videos were 3– 5 minutes in length, presented two times per day, five days each week, for 8 weeks in the classroom. Due to the pandemic process, the teacher continued to apply the videos on the online platform twice a day, two days each week for the other weeks. Students in the control group did not receive any Brain Breaks® interventions. Student attitudes toward PA were measured using the Attitudes toward Physical Activity Scale (APAS) before and after the intervention. Repeated measures ANOVA indicated a time interaction effect for all APAS variables and GPA scores. Time‐by‐group interaction effects with very large effect sizes were found for all APAS variables, with large effect size was found for GPA scores, with the greatest gain effect noted in the experimental group for learning and fitness, followed by learning from the videos concerning PA benefits, self-efficacy, personal best, exercise importance, and enjoyment from engaging in PA. In addition, Turkish and Math tests were applied to the students in the experimental group in the study in the classroom for a single session of PA. According to this result, it was understood that the Turkish and Math test scores of the students participating in exercise are higher than the students sitting at a desk. This study provides evidence supporting Brain Breaks® in terms of learning experience, attitudes towards PA, personal motivation, and academic achievement. Using exercise videos is recommended as an interactive, technology‐based PA solution that can be easily integrated into the school setting.

Keywords: Brain Breaks, physical activity, academic achievement, attitude


Bachelor in Sports and Physical Education
Singapore University of Social Sciences

Ng Yew Cheo is working full-time and concurrently running and training competitively at national level under her supervisor and coach, Dr. Balasekaran. She also does research that focuses on human performance, health and in physical education. Cheo has published numerous papers in peer reviewed journals, proceedings and book chapters even though she had just completed her undergraduate degree. She is also an IAAF Youth level 1 certified coach and coaches voluntarily. She has also often gone beyond her time to help coach many young children and motivate their interest in running. She has also conducted workshops, developed videos and CDs on running tactics and prevention of injuries from running. She has also worked on the Brain Breaks study in Singapore and is helping Fuhua Primary School efforts to make it the UNSGD lab of the future.

Self-Regulation of Exercise Intensity Utilising the OMNI Rate of Perceived Exertion Scale by Children and Adults during Field Settings

Ng Yew Cheo, G. Balasekaran, Singapore University of Social Sciences

This study investigated the use of the OMNI Rate of Perceived Exertion (RPE) Scale at ventilatory breakpoint (Vpt) determined on treadmill and application on field settings for children and adults. Ten female adult soccer players (ASP) ((age: 23.30 ± 1.49 years, height: 161.10 ± 7.50 cm, weight: 49.01 ± 3.90 kg, body fat percent (BF%): 22.20 ± 3.89 %)) and 18 healthy children (HC) (age: 10.00 ± 0.34 years, height: 137.61 ± 7.18 cm, weight: 34.49 ± 9.99 kg, BF%: 28.61 ± 7.15 %) participated in the study. HC was grouped into games concept approach (GCA) and skills approach (SA). HC and ASP underwent an incremental treadmill exercise to determine their Vpt; RPE, oxygen consumption (VO2) and heart rate (HR). HC did a pre- and post-1.6km run test. ASP completed two 30 minutes field sessions (FS 1, FS2). HC completed 45 minutes Physical Education (PE) lessons twice a week for 6 weeks. Results indicated significant differences between HC’s pre- and post-1.6km run test (Pre: 755.39 ± 112.36s vs. Post: 663.44 ± 85.41s, p<0.0005). HC field’s RPE (GCA: 4.30 ± 1.16, SA: 3.73 ± 1.72) was similar to treadmill’s RPE at Vpt. ASP variables at Vpt (VO2: 1.39 ± 0.10 L•min-1, Speed: 8.24 ± 0.90 km•h-1, RPE: 4.89 ± 0.93) were also similar to RPE during FS1 (4.90 ± 0.99) and FS2 (5.00 ± 0.47). Both adults and children can self-regulate their exercise intensity during field settings at RPE 4-6 similar to RPE at Vpt to optimise cardiovascular adaptations.

Dept of Sport Recreation & Exercise Science
Faculty of Community & Health Science
University of the Western Cape
South Africa/Nigeria

Dr. Sunday Olawale Onagbiye is a Human Movement Scientist and Senior Lecturer & Departmental research module coordinator at the University of the Western Cape (UWC), Cape Town, South Africa. He obtained his Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) Honours in Physical and Health Education, Master of Arts (MA) in Physical Education with Exercise Physiology option) at the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) Human Movement Science at the North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, South Africa. He also obtained a Certificate in Prevention Strategies for Non-Communicable Diseases at the University of Oxford (United Kingdom). Dr. Sunday is a member of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), The Cochrane Collaboration, South African Sports Medicine Association (SASMA), and Public Health Association of South Africa (PHASA). He is a member of Future Leader/ Volunteer (FLV) and The Foundation for Global Community Health (GCH) (http://www.gchfoundation.org/ team.html). He is a visiting fellow, Faculty of Medicine & Life Sciences SMRG – Sports Medicine Research Group, Hasselt University, Belgium. He is also a specialist reviewer to both local and international journals. Dr. Sunday’s research interest focuses on physical activity intervention on risks factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and health promotion, sports performance, health-related quality of life, cardio-metabolic health, energy expenditure, obesity, health risks behaviour, mental & musculoskeletal health, PA and climate change, and immigrant health. His research findings have been presented at both national and international conferences. Graduated 12 Honours and 2 master’s student, and currently supervising 5 Masters Student. He has a strong interest in health promotion & wellbeing and how global citizen’s health can improve.

Association Between Selected Body Composition, Blood Pressure and Musculoskeletal Performance in Children

Substantial evidence indicates that a high level of obesity could negatively influence the physiological and musculoskeletal performance and wellbeing of children. This study investigated the relationship between the TMI (triponderal mass index), blood pressure, and musculoskeletal performance in a cross-sectional sample of school children in Ado-Ekiti, Southwest Nigeria. Bodyweight, height, blood pressure, and three components of musculoskeletal fitness which include; sit and reach (SR), sit-ups (SUPs), standing broad jump (SBJ), and shuttle runs were assessed in 1229 boys and girls school children ages 9-13 years old. TMI was computed to classify participants into severe underweight, underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese categories. Significant positive correlation was observed between TMI and systolic (r= 0.182, p < 0.01) and diastolic (r= 0.090, p < 0.01) blood pressure, while significant inverse relationship was observed for sit and reach (r= -0.067, p < 0.05) and standing broad jump (r= -0.246, p < 0.01). Those with severe underweight were significantly less likely to perform well in SBJ (OR= 0.96, CI= 0.94; 0.99) and SRCs (OR= 1.39, CI= 1.22; 1.61). Being overweight was associated with increased in systolic blood pressure (OR= 1.03, CI= 1.02; 1.05) and poor standing broad jump (OR= 0.98, CI= 0.97; 0.99) performances. Obese participants were significantly associated with increased systolic blood pressure (OR= 1.04, CI= 1.02; 1.06), poor sit and reach (OR= 0.92, CI= 0.87; 0.98) and standing broad jump (OR= 0.94, CI= 0.93; 0.96) compared to normal individuals’ performance. High blood pressure and poor musculoskeletal fitness could have a negative impact on the health and wellbeing of undernourished, overweight, and obese children. It is also important that school feeding and physical activity programmes be implemented to promote health-related quality of life in school-going children and adolescents.

Gin Jinyu SHI, M.Sc.
Visiting Scholar, University of Georgia, USA.
PE (sports dancing ) teacher,
Tianyuan High School, Shanghai

Gin Jinyu Shi received Physical education master in Shanghai University of Sports in 2012-2015 and be visitor scholar in the University of Georgia. Since 2019 she is a member of the FLV program and participated in 2019 South East Asian Games Scientific Congress. Her major research interest is on children health or health education, sport management to promote relationship or active lifestyle promotion, technology-assisted sport. She has been involved in several projects related with technology-assisted games, and also scientific conferences with themes related with physical activity and sport management.

Physical Activity Homework and Health-related Fitness in Youth: Shanghai Tianyuan High School Students-fit Study

Jinyu Shi1, Ian Culpan 2
1Shanghai University of Sports, Shanghai Tianyuan High School, China.
2 University of Canterbury, New Zealand.

Physical activity (PA) is important in maintaining and improving health, especially in children and adolescents. The present study aimed to investigate and compare physical activity (PA) (extracurricular homework and health-related fitness in China adolescents, and to examine the associations between meeting PA guidelines and attaining fitness standards. Health-related physical fitness was measured using the Fitness zone (HFZ) achievement in five areas: body composition, muscular strength, muscular endurance, muscular flexibility, and cardiovascular fitness. A sample of 115 adolescents in grades 10th students in Shanghai Tianyuan High School completed measurements of PA, five field-based fitness tests. One model examined the direct relationship between physical activity (extracurricular PA homework)and fitness measures, and a second model assessed the same relationship while controlling for general school physical activity. From the study, the expected outcomes: Intervention group, PA improvement: 1) Students fitness score considered related to their performance in after-school physical activity. 2) The physical quality of the intervention group significantly. 3) The physical quality of the control group also improved, but the increase was not obvious. Although our studied population has a good fitness score compared to general children, they spend more time in extracurricular PA homework. It is necessary to perfecting the method, the layout, completion, feedback and evaluation of homework in PA form to completed the process, which can effectively improve the physical fitness of students.

Undergraduate Student in Psychology
Department of Psychology
University of British Columbia

Sarah Muñoz-Violant is pursuing a bachelor’s degree in Psychology and a minor degree in Special Education at the University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada. She holds a Research Assistantship at the Centre for Coping Studies at UBC since 2018 under the supervision of Dr. Anita DeLongis and at the Hospital Pedagogy in Neonatology and Pediatrics Lab at the University of Barcelona since 2017 under the supervision of Dr. Violant-Holz. She is currently a member of the Barça Foundation Project: Subjective Perception Infancy in Situation of Illness which aims to identify factors of well-being during hospitalization and home convalescence in children and adolescents with Complex Health Conditions. She is a Peer Support Volunteer for UBC students and staff with the Speakeasy Alma Matter Society and a member of the External Educational Workshop Outreach Group responsible for the creation and implementation of free Mental Health Self-Care workshops. Moreover, she held a reviewer role at the Undergraduate Psychology Journal and worked towards the publication of Volume 5 in August 2019. She is working as a member of the “Future Leader Program” in ICPESS 2021 – Jakarta, BRICSCESS 2021 – Shanghai, ICPESS 2022 – Barcelona. Received the Outstanding International Student Award (2017), the Faculty of Arts International Student Scholarship (2019), the Katherine Brearley Arts Scholarship (2019), and the International Community Achievement Award (2019).

Perception of Factors of Well-being During Hospitalization and Home Convalescence in Children and Adolescents with Complex Health Conditions: From Co-creation to Action

This document presents the research conducted with children and adolescents with Complex Health Conditions that need specialized pediatric attention and spend periods of hospitalization in specialized centers of high technical complexity. Aim: To identify factors of well-being during hospitalization and home convalescence in children and adolescents with Complex Health Conditions. Method: The following qualitative study was design with an exploratory and multi-method approach. The sample included children and adolescents with Complex Health Conditions, their families, and professionals participating in their care. The sample included participants from multiple rural and urban provinces of Catalonia, hospitalized or receiving convalescence care. The data was collected through the organization of co-creation spaces with pedagogical materials designed for each group on an ad hoc basis. Participants also completed standardized tests adapted to their age on “Resilience”, “Psychological Well-being”, and “Positive Mental Health” previous to each co-creation space. Analysis: Qualitative data was analyzed using the Diamond Technique and MAXQDA program and quantitative data was analyzed using the non-parametric Mann Whitney U test, establishing a type I error of 0.05 and the R Statistical Program. Conclusion: The experience of hospitalization and home convalescence is decisive in the adequate evolution of patients and their family environment, and in the appearance of sequelae. Hence, it is necessary to explore the perspective of these patients and their families to identify indicators of well-being that can be utilized as reference to optimize the process of hospitalization and home convalescence. This project presents the opportunity to achieve bolder empowerment of health, growth, and development.

Undergraduate student
School of Kinesiology
University of British Columbia,

Abby Cheung is an undergraduate student at the University of British Columbia (UBC), majoring in Biomechanical and Physiological Science under the School of Kinesiology. Her academic and research interests are exercise physiology and coaching, with a particular focus on physical activity intervention. She is involved in several community-based services and research projects related to physical activity promotion in different settings. She is a Head Coach of the Special Olympics British Columbia (SOBC) Program responsible for coaching athletes with intellectual disabilities of all age groups and abilities. Furthermore, she is a volunteer for the UBC Active Kids Program, assisting in coaching gymnastics in the youth population. Moreover, she holds a Research Assistantship at the Fitness, Aging, & Stress Lab at UBC under the supervision of Dr. Eli Puterman. Her work intends to foster social inclusion and remove barriers to participate in physical activity for individuals with intellectual disabilities, different age groups, and diverse socioeconomic backgrounds. She is working as a member of the “Future Leader Program” at BRISCESS 2021 – Shanghai and ICPESS 2022 – Barcelona. Received the Outstanding International Student Award (2017).

The Promotion of Quality of Living and Wellbeing among Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities

The quality of physical education can be associated with improved individuals’ lifelong well-being and quality of life as an increased physical activity provides physiological and psychological benefits including reduced blood pressure, stress, anxiety, and depression.
The Special Olympics British Columbia (SOBC) program is dedicated to enriching the lives of individuals with intellectual disabilities through physical education and sport. As its core, Special Olympics is a sports organization that applies the power of sport as a catalyst for social change and improve the health of people with intellectual disabilities. Athletes are divided into groups depending on their levels (beginning, intermediate, and advanced) and according to their levels, different training regimes are individualized to meet individual athletes’ needs. Due to the wide athletes’ age range, progression and regression of exercises are taken into account to ensure the appropriate motor development according to athletes’ age. Since the COVID-19 pandemic struck Canada, the organization has implemented COVID safety measures, including pilot programs to ensure the athletes’ health and wellbeing. The main purpose of this presentation serves to introduce and evaluate the effectiveness of the systematic design of the SOBC physical activity program. The design, administration, coaching techniques, inclusion policies, and some observation outcomes of the program will be discussed

Mehwish D/O Manzoor AHMAD
PHD Scholar Physical Education & Sports Science
University of Sindh Jamshoro, Pakistan
Department of Physical Education & Sports Science
University of Narowal

Mehwish D/O Manzoor Ahmad is PHD scholar in Physical Education and Sports Science from university of Sindh Jamshoro. Currently she is working as a lecturer in university of Narowal. She is member of International Federation of Physical Education, Fitness and Sports Science Association and a strong member of International Advisory Committee for the International Federation of Fitness, Health Physical Education and Iron Games. She has also attended many international conferences. Her major research interests are on health education, physical activity, community health, active life style and physical education and sports science. Since August 2020, she is a member of the Future Leader/ Volunteer (FLV) programme under the leadership of Professor Ming-kai Chin.

A Comparative Study on Strength Endurance and Cardiovascular Endurance of Female Athletes

Sport refers to any physical activity which includes movement of body muscles by excreting bodily energy by incorporating certain skills. To perform in any sport, people require certain types of physical fitness. Muscular endurance implies the ability of an athlete or person to perform muscular activities repeatedly using muscle group. Cardiovascular endurance refers to efficiency of one’s heart to work properly during any physical activity. The present study was carried out to compare the muscular endurance and cardiovascular endurance of female athletes. A sample of 270 female athletes belonging to Daska, Lahore, and Sialkot zone was selected using a purposive random sampling procedure. The bent knee sit-up test and 3 min step test were administered to measure muscular endurance and cardiovascular endurance, respectively. The obtained data were analyzed using one way ANOVA. The findings of the study suggest that a significant difference in the muscular endurance and cardiovascular endurance of female athletes. Further, it was also revealed that the zone has a significant influence on the muscular endurance and cardiovascular endurance of female athletes.

MSc. Student
School of Physical Education and Sport
Soochow University

Yana Jiang graduated from Anhui Normal University with a bachelor’s degree in education and received the award of “Excellent Student” in Anhui Province. Now she is a graduate student of Soochow University in 2019, majoring in physical education under the supervision of Prof. Jian hui Dai. From 2015 to 2016, she won the championship of group C of University in the final of National Cheerleading League. The research area that she is interested in is sport pedagogy and sociology of sport and now serving as assistant to Prof. Dai in scientific research.

Study on the Influence of Sports Animation on Youth Sports Consciousness

Featured by wonderful and rich plots, sports animation fully and naturally demonstrates the value and charm of teamwork in team sports. Aiming to find out the disadvantages of sports animation in promoting sports awareness of teenagers through analysis and research, this study provides sensible suggestions, better making sports animation exert an in-depth and positive impact on their awareness in the future. This study obtained related information through utilizing related literature, books and information from school library, China CNKI, Wanfang database, and the website of the Education and Sports Bureau and homepage of colleges. This study randomly took junior and high school students in Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province as the survey object who are all nearby: schools involved was distributed 100 questionnaires respectively, 1,000 in total. At the same time, the study also analyzed animation cases both at home and abroad. The results show that sports animation is in need of elements of sports culture and positive spirit, and that there is desperately short of excellent works. Therefore, it is necessary for sports animation to embrace more sports culture, to attach more importance to the positive spirit of sports, and to set up new policies in order to encourage the production and distribution of excellent sports animation.

Dr. Mottakin AHMED
Sports Officer Government

Dr. Mottakin Ahmed is a Physical educationist and sports officer at government college Silwani, Madhyapradesh, India. He completed Bachelor of Physical Education, Master of Physical Education and PhD from Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education. His research interest is in physical education and sports, recreation and leisure games. Some of his researches finding published national and internationals journals. Some of his researches finding was presented in national and international conferences. Since childhood he was interested in games and sports. He is interested promote Physical education and, recreation and games. As a player he represented his state in national ball badminton championship. He has experience of planning, conducting and organizing the events.

Impact of Sports in Indian Society with Special Reference to Madhyapradesh

Mottakin Ahmed1 Kaukab Azeem2
1 Sports Officer, Government College-Silwani, India
2 Faculty of King Fahad University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia

Sportsman is the product of a culture promote by a particular society in a particular era of the history. The purpose of the study was to help the Physical Educationist and general masses by way of highlighting of sports on Indian Society in respect of socio-cultural, political and religious factors with special reference to Madhyapradesh. As socio-cultural, political and religious interferences contradict the aim of sport and it is not possible to put aside these factors from the sports but we try to minimize the effects of these factors. The research will be delimited to the following three factors in order to study their influence on Indian society with special reference to Madhyapradesh are-Socio-Political factor, cultural factors, and religious factors. India is a hierarchical society. Whether in village or urban, north India or south India, Hindu or Muslim, virtually all things, people, and social groups are ranked according to various essential qualities. Although India is a political democracy, nation of complete equality are seldom evident in daily life. The data will be collected from 150 subjects with the help of questionnaires and personal interviews. The responses given by the subjects will statistically analyze by using chi-square test and the level of significance chosen was .05 level of confidence. The responses were also analyzed in percentages.

Mingming GUO
PhD Student
College of Physical Education and Health
East China Normal University

Mingming Guo is a PhD student in the College of Physical Education & Health at East China Normal University. He joined the Global Community Health (GCH) in September 2020 and became the future leader volunteer. His research interests are mainly focused on the use of information technology to improve the physical health of children and adolescents, including using wearable devices in physical education classes, or wearing smart watches in daily activities, so as to monitor students’ physical activity and give corresponding suggestions. He has participated in a series of global and national research projects related to the health of children and adolescents, and is currently leading a national project on the use of new information technology in physical education classes, and a Shanghai project based on artificial intelligence to improve children’s and adolescents’ health.

Research on the Relationship between College Students’ Physical Fitness and Running Behavior

Mingming Guo1, Xiaozan Wang1
1 College of Physical Education &Health, East China Normal University (ECNU, China)

The purpose of this study is to examine the correlation between the physical fitness of college students and their daily running habits. A total of 718 college students from East China Normal University participated in this study (385 boys and 333 girls). Each participant participated in the Chinese Students’ Physical Fitness Test and required to use the College Sports APP to record running data for each run during 2019 school year. Researchers can export running data through the APP’s management platform, including the total running distance, the overall number of runs and the average distance per run. The result of the correlation analysis shows that: (a) The total running distance showed a significant negative correlation with Vital Capacity (VC), Sitting Body Flexion (SBF), and Long Jump (LJ) (r VC =-.08, p VC <0.05; r SBF =-. 08, p SBF <0.05; r LJ =-. 09, p LJ <0.05), and showing a significant positive correlation with 50-Meter Running (50R) (r 50R = .11, p 50R <0.01); (b) The overall number of runs had a significant positive correlation with endurance performance (1000-meters running for boys and 800-meters running for girls, r = .08, p <0.05); (c) The average distance per run was significantly positive correlation with 50R (r 50R = .33, p 50R <0.01). This study shows that there is a positive correlation between college students’ total running distance and their speed, and a negative correlation with their flexibility, strength, and VC, but the reason needs to be further explored. In addition, the endurance performance of college students had only a positive correlation with their overall number of runs, and there is no significant correlation with running distance and running time, indicating that students with good endurance prefer short distance but high frequency running compared to long-distance running.

Assist. Prof. Dr. Fikreyesus ADULA
Wachemo University

Dr. Fikreyesus Adula is an Assistant Professor at Wachemo Univeristy, Ethiopia. He completed Bachelor of Health and Physical Education, Master of Football Coaching and PhD at Kotebe College of Teachers Education, Addis Ababa University and University of KwaZulu-Natal, respectively. His research interest is in monitoring football coaching and methodology of coaching. Some of his researches’ findings are presented in national and internationals conferences. Since childhood he was interested in games and sports. He is interested to promote sports games, physical education and, recreation. As a coach, he managed football and basketball teams in intergovernmental universities tournaments in Ethiopia. He has the experience of planning, organizing, implementing and evaluating sports festivals in his local community in collaboration with governmental and non-governmental institutions in the area.

The Impact of Covid-19 in the Sports Ecosystem of Hadiya and Kembatta Zones

Fikreyesus Adula1 Ashenafi Abebe2
1 Wachemo University, Ethiopia
2 Department of Statistics, Wachemo University, Ethiopia

The Covid-19’s impact in the world stroke each corner of the human being disrupting the economic, social and political spheres enforcing movement restrictions, limited businesses and in the worst scenario the demise of thousands of lives from all races, colors and nations. Similarly, the sports ecosystem of Hadiya and Kembata Tembaro Zones that encompass the players, coaches, fans, media and institution in these areas prone to this global challenge. Sport-related activities that have a GDP of 279.7 billion euro (i.e., 2.12% of total GDP in the European Union (EU)) are also axed by this viral infection evading its revenue.1 Its crisis has enormously affected companies in sports events, media and marketing such as Wanda Sports Group’s (WSG) reported with a loss of about €163.7 million (US$180.3 million), due to banned mass gatherings in sportsarenas.2 The aim of the study is to investigate the impact of Covid-19 Sport Ecosystem in 2020/21.The research will be carried out in Hadiya and Kembata Tembaro Zone Ethiopia. A stratified two-stage random sampling technique will be employed for the population within both zones with known sampling frame and a representative sample will be drawn accordingly. The study will help the community to identify the challenges and the way outs to tackle it in sport ecosystem.

Mark Shilei QIAO
Research Associate / PhD Student
School of Physical Education
Henan University

Shilei Qiao has research experience both in America and China. With the love of conducting the Quality Physical Education to across the world, Shilei Qiao is pursuing his PhD degree with the major of Physical Education Pedagogy & Training at Henan University. Also, he earned the master degrees from Troy University in Sports & Fitness Management and Henan University in Physical Education Teacher Education. He values the learning from both practical experience and classes. Shilei Qiao has worked in several positions to bring what he learned in the classes to the field, by doing this, the experiences from working with these athlete programs promote creative thinking for his study and research. Since January 2021, he is a member of the FLV program.

Research on the Formation Process of Pre-service PE Teachers’ Professional Identity

Shilei Qiao & Ke Zhou
School of Physical Education, Henan University, China

The pre-service phase is a very important part of the physical education teacher’s entry into this profession. A strong occupational identity is a motivation to drive pre-service physical education teachers to develop operational capacity and professional qualities in their entire career, which is also an internal motivation. The purpose of this study is to investigate the characters in their process of growing professional identity. A total of eight pre-service PE teachers were interviewed in this research. The semi-structured interview was the dominate form of data collection. The coding analysis included familiarization, coding, generating themes, reviewing themes, as well as defining and naming themes. Results: (1) A pre-service PE teacher’s professional identity is diverse – including the individual’s personality traits, life experience, positive reflection of personal experiences, the experience of educational practice, perception of career development and the role of the social environment; (2) A pre-service physical education teacher’s professional identity growing process has four periods – germination, adaptation, development, and stabilization; (3) Pre-service physical education teachers in different stages of career development have different occupational identity connotations; (4) Key events and/or people occurrence play an important role in the process of their professional identity formation. Conclusion: Positive reflection can play an important role for them to develop a professional identity. The process of pre-service PE teachers’ professional identity development is dynamic, which is also a process for them to find “who I am”. Key events and/or people are the main factors influencing the formation of pre-service PE teachers’ professional identity.